|Title:||China major phosphorus chemical product imports and exports in tons for 2000, 2005, 2009, and 2010, with growth rate percentages for the periods 2000 to 2005 and 2005 to 2010|
|Source:||China Chemical Reporter|
Start of full article - but without data
Imports and exports of China's major phosphorus chemical
Product 2000 2005 Imports Exports Imports Exports Imports
Yellow - XXX X.X XX.X X phosphorus
Phosphoric acid XX.X XXX.X XX.X XXX.X XX.X
Sodium X.X XXX X.X XXX.X X.XX tripolyphosphate
DCP X.X XX.X XXX.X XXX.X X.XX
Sodium X.X XX.X X.X XX.X X hypophosphite
Phosphides X.X X.X X.XX X.XX X
Trisodium X.X X.X X.XX XX.X |X.XX phosphate
Potassium X.X X.X X.XX XX.X X.XX phosphate
Monosodium & X.X X X.XX X.X X.XX disodium phosphates
Phosphorus X.X X.XX X.XX X.X X.XX pentoxide
Total XX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXXX.X XX.XX
Total value /US$X XX XXX XX XXX XX million
Product 2009 2010 Export growth rate/%
Exports Imports Exports 2000-2005 2005-2010
Yellow XX.X X XX.X -X.XX -XX.X phosphorus
Phosphoric acid XXX.X XX.X XXX.X X XX.X XX.XX
Sodium XXX.X X.X XXX XX.XX X.XX tripolyphosphate DCP XXX.X X.X XXX XX.X -X.X
Sodium XX X.X XX XX.XX XX.X hypophosphite
Phosphides XX.XX X XX -XX.X XXX.X Trisodium XX.X X.XX XX.X XX.X X.XX phosphate
Potassium XX.X X XX.X XX.XX XX.X phosphate
Monosodium & XX.X X.XX XX.X XX.X XX.X disodium phosphates Phosphorus X X.XX X XXX.X XX.XX pentoxide
Total XXXX XX.X XXXX XX.X X.X
Total value /US$X XXXX XX XXXX XX.XX XX.XX million
X. Review of China's phosphorus chemical industry during 2005-2010
In China, there are now more than XXX types of inorganic phosphorus chemical products, of which XX-XX types are regularly mass-produced; and more than XXX inorganic phosphorus chemicals producers are distributed in the XX provinces and autonomous regions except for Tibet. By the end of 2010, the country's inorganic phosphorus chemical industry (hereinafter referred to as "the industry") had a total production capacity of XX.X million t/a, an annual output of XX.X million tons, an annual export volume of X million tons (with an annual export value of US$ X.XXX billion), an annual sales revenue of RMBXX.X billion, and an annual pre-tax profit of RMBXX.X billion.
X.X Output grew faster than capacity
During 2005-2010, the industry's output grew X.X%, while its capacity grew only X. X%; and its total sales revenue and pre-tax profit grew XX.X% and XX.X% respectively, much faster than its output, indicating that the whole industry's efficiency had increased. The output of the industry's three major products - yellow phosphorus, sodium tripolyphosphate and feed-grade calcium phosphate - grew slowly. The output of sodium tripolyphosphate even decreased (-X.X%). The development of wet-process phosphoric acid and the growing consumption of food-grade phosphoric acid led to a rapid growth in the demand for commercial phosphoric acid. The use of sodium hexametaphosphate in water treatment and as a food additive drove up its consumption. The development of fire extinguishing agents boosted the development of ammonium polyphosphate. The growth of exports and of domestic chemical plating pushed the production of sodium hypophosphitc. The production of chlorides also increased rapidly. The outputs of phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus pcntachloride, phosphorus pentoxide and phosphorus pcntasulfide all grew more than XX% annually, on average; and the output of some products, such as phosphorus pentachloride, even grew as much as XX% annually.
X.X Imports and exports changed greatly
During 2005 - 2010, China's import volume of phosphorus chemicals dropped significantly, by XX.X% annually, on average; and the average import price of the products increased from US$ XXX.X /t in 2005 to US$X XXX It in 2010. This indicates that the country's self-sufficiency rate for phosphorus chemicals has increased, and that products now being imported are mostly high-value-added fine products (see Table X).
During 2005-2010, the growth rate of China's phosphorus chemicals export value was XX.XX%, higher than that of their export volume (X.X%), and their average export price grew from US$XXX /t in 2005 to US$XXX it in 2010.The export of phosphides and phosphorus pentoxide increased especially rapidly, having an annual growth rate of XXX.X% and XX.X%, respectively. All this indicates that the export of China's phosphorus chemical products has transformed from "quantitative progress" to "qualitative progress." The export of basic phosphorus chemical products, such as yellow phosphorus and feed-grade calcium phosphate, fell XX.X% and X.X%, respectively. Among basic products such as phosphoric acid, dicalcium phosphate (DCP) and sodium tripolyphosphate, the export of high-tech food-grade products increased. In 2010, the export of food-grades of these products accounted for XX%, XX. X% and X.XX% of their total exports, respectively. Some enterprises shifted from exporting only products to exporting products, technologies and capital. Among such firms, the most representative is Guizhou Wengfu Group,
X.X Significant advances were made in energy conservation and pollution control
During 2005-2010, a lot of fruitful work was done in saving energy and reducing emissions in the production of yellow phosphorus. New industrial equipment for deep purification of yellow phosphorous exhaust gas passed through trials. It has a low operating cost and high added value and can reduce energy consumption by nearly X/X, production costs by nearly X/X and air pollutant emissions by XX%. Thus, it becomes a focus of the structural adjustment of the yellow phosphorus industry. Ferrophosphorus (a byproduct of the production of yellow phosphorus) is used to produce sodium (potassium) phosphate and red iron oxide to increase their added value. To achieve comprehensive utilization of phosphorus slag, it is used to make building materials and pyroceram. Molten phosphorus slag is used to produce microlitc cast stone. Substantial advances have made in the recovery of fluorides (a byproduct of feed-grade calcium phosphate) and in the comprehensive utilization of phosphogypsum.
A variety of ways have been devised to utilize phosphogypsum. For example, phosphogypsum is used as a cement filling material, made into gypsum boards and blocks, and processed into building materials; the co-generation of sulfuric acid and cement from phosphogypsum has been industrialized; a process of producing potassium sulfate from phosphogypsum has been developed, and byproduct calcium carbonate is further processed and transformed to achieve the comprehensive utilization of phosphogypsum. Guizhou Wengfu Group has achieved the benign recycling of phosphogypsum. The company not only completely utilizes fresh phosphogypsum, but is also using up the phosphogypsum stockpile it inherited from the past.
X. Major problems faced by the industry
X) The rational and efficient use of phosphorus resources should be further improved