|Title:||China polyurethane capacity by producer in tons as reported November 6, 2011|
|Source:||China Chemical Reporter|
Start of full article - but without data
Major PU producers in China
Producer Plant location Product Capacity (kt/a)
Xinxiang North China Flexible PU foam XX Xinyuan (Henan) Chemical Co Ltd
Chiao Fu Shanghai and Flexible PU foam XX Group Guangdong
Nantong East China Flexible PU foam XX Xinyuan (Jiangsu) Foam Company
SINOMAX Central & South Flexible PU foam XX China (Guangdong)
Lianda East China Flexible PU foam XX Group (Shanghai) and (Hongkong) Guangdong Co Ltd
Qingdao East China PU resin for XXX Xinyutian (Shandong) and synthetic leather Chemical Co Guangdong and elastomers Ltd
Huafeng East China PU resin for XXX Group (Shanghai, synthetic leather, Zhejiang), Central & South China (Fujiang), Spandex and Northeast China elastomers (Liaoning) and Southwest China (Sichuan)
Jiangsu East China PU resin for XXX Defa Resin (Jiangsu) synthetic leather and Co Ltd shoes
INVISTA East China Spandex XX (Shanghai) and Central & South China (Guangdong)
Hyosung East China Spandex XX Group (Zhejiang) and Central & South China (Guangdong)
Yantai East China Spandex XX Spandex Co (Yantai) Ltd
By Zhang Yue, China National Chemical Information Center
Polyurethane (PU) is widely used for the manufacture of high-resilience foam scats, rigid foam insulation panels, microcellular foam seals and gaskets, durable elastomeric wheels and tires, automotive suspension bushings, electrical potting compounds, high-performance adhesives, surface coatings and surface sealants, synthetic fibers (e.g. Spandex), carpet underlay, and hard-plastic parts (e.g. for electronic instruments).
X Evolution of China's PU Industry
China started to produce PU in the late 1950s. In 1963, Jiangsu Research Institute of Chemical Industry, Nanjing University Department of Chemistry and Nanjing Plastic Factory jointly developed a onestep polycthcrtype PU foam production process. In 1966, they built a plant for the production of flexible PU foam. China began to develop rigid PU foam in 1964. But it was not until the mid-1970s that China built a small-scale industrial facility to produce it. In the 1980s, from Japan, Italy and other countries, China imported technology and equipment for the production of polyether polyols and isocyanates (both are raw materials of PU) as well as flexible PU foam. Since then, China's PU production has developed rapidly, with an annual growth rate of more than XX%, much higher than that of China's GDP. But the production still cannot meet the huge domestic market demand. The output of PU in China was about X.X million tons in 2002. It surged to X million tons in 2005, including about XXX XXX tons of rigid foam and XXX XXX tons of flexible foam. In 2010, it reached X.XX million tons, including about X.XX million tons of rigid foam and X.XX million tons of flexible foam.
X Production of PU in China from 2005 to 2015
China has become a major PU producer and a major driver of the global PU market's growth. Even when the world's major PU markets shrank drastically in the peak of the global financial crisis during 2008-2009, both the output and sales of PU in China increased remarkably. In 2010, the output of PU products in China was around X XXX XXX tons, up XX% year on year. Its average annual growth rate from 2005 to 2010 was around XX%, much higher than that of China's GDP.
The PU industry is regarded as a key strategic emerging industry in China. The XXth Five-Year Development Planning of China's PU Industry proposes that the overall development targets of the industry are: (X) make its production technology and product quality of basic raw materials, accessory ingredients and major products meet or approach international standards through independent technological innovations; (X) accelerate the process of restructuring the industry, increase the proportion of high-end products, eliminate obsolete production capacity, and initially establish an environmentally friendly, lowcarbon and high-efficiency PU material industrial system with a rational layout; and (X) by the end of 2015, China's PU pro- duction capacity should reach X million to XX million t/a, and the output value should reach RMBXXX-XXX billion, both ranking first in the world.
The supply of PU products in China from 2005 to 2010 and their projections to 2015 are shown in Table X.
X Major producers and capacity distribution
PU products mainly include PU foam, elastomers, fibers (Spandex), PU synthetic leather, shoe resin, PU coatings, PU adhesives, PU paving materials, and PU waterproofing materials. There are a large number of PU producers in China. Their production facilities are quite scattered in other words, the concentration of the industry is quite low. Major PU producers in China are listed in Table X.
PU foam: There are many PU foam producers, and several dozen of them each have a flexible PU foam capacity of X-XX kt/a, and nearly XXX others each have a capacity of more than X kt/a. The top five flexible PU foam producers are Xinxiang Xinyuan Chemical Co Ltd, Chiao Fu Group, SINOMAX, Lianda Group (Hong Kong) Co Ltd and Nantong Xinyuan Foam Co Ltd. They each have a capacity of XX-XX kt/a.
PU synthetic leather and shoe sole raw liquid: There are more than XX such producers, each with a capacity of XX-XXX kt/a, and several thousand medium and small-sized producers of downstream products such as PU leather, PU shoes and PU cases/bags.
PU fiber: There are XX producers each with a capacity of over XX kt/a, and their combined output value is more than RMBXX billion.
PU coatings and adhesives: There are more than a dozen PU coatings producers and more than a dozen PU adhesive producers. Major PU coatings producers include: Guangdong Huarun Paints Co Ltd, Shanghai Huasheng Chemical Co Ltd, Jiangsu Sanmu Group and Shanghai Sanyin Paints Co Ltd.
X Demand analysis of PU in China
PU is a new type of polymer and has a wide range of uses in the national economy and national defense. Its application scope and volume are constantly expanding. The PU industry is still in a stage of booming development. China will still actively support and encourage the development of the PU industry during the "XXth Five-Year Plan" period (2011-2015).
Major consumption areas of PU include: automobile, infrastructural construction (such as high-speed railways, subways and urban rails), new energy and building insulation sectors.
X) Automobile sector
The output and sales volume of automobiles in China have already taken the first place in the world. The future development of this sector will highlight product quality and production level. Light weight, environmental friendliness, comfort and safety will become the major themes in the future development of vehicle-use materials in China. PU is a key material for achieving lighter weight automobiles. According to statistics, the average consumption of PU per high-grade car is XX kg, and the maximum consumption is XX kg. The average consumption of PU per car in China is XX-XX kg. With the constant upgrading of China's automobile technology and the constant increase of auto output, there will be an increasingly broad application prospect of PU materials in China's automobile sector.