|Title:||China annual nitric acid consumption by industrial end-use in tons and percent change for 2006 to 2010|
|Source:||China Chemical Reporter|
Start of full article - but without data
China's Consumption of Nitric Acid (containing
XXX% [HNO.sub.X]) in Industrial Sectors 2006-2010
(thousand tons, %)
Consumption sector 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 YoY growth
Potassium nitrate XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX X.X TDI XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX XX.X MDI XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX XX.X Adipic acid XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX XX.X Others XXXX XXXX XXX XXX XXX -XX.X Total XXXX 2004 XXXX XXXX XXXX X.X
China, the largest synthetic ammonia producer in the world, produced around one third of the world's total synthetic ammonia. During 2006-2010, the production scale of synthetic ammonia and its downstream products in China continued to maintain rapid growth. According to the statistics made by China Nitrogenous Fertilizer Industry Association, China produced XX.XXX million tons of synthetic ammonia in 2010.
Status of industrial demand
X. Synthetic ammonia
At present, around XX% of synthetic ammonia in China is used for the production of urea, and the remaining is used as raw material for producing other chemical products. In addition to producing urea, nitric acid and ammonium nitrate indirectly used in industrial production, synthetic ammonia is also directly used for the production of acrylonitrile and caprolactam, etc. At the same time, synthetic ammonia also has extensive applications in other industrial sectors. For example, synthetic ammonia is used as a refrigerant for ice production, air conditioner and refrigeration system, to abstract copper, nickel and other metals from ores in the metallurgical sector, and to produce sulfa drugs, vitamins, methionine and other amino acids in medicine and biochemical sectors.
The major industrial use of urea is as a high polymer synthetic material. In the industrial sectors, urea is mainly used to produce melamine and urea formaldehyde resin, and also used as feed additive and in the production of printing ink pigments, binders, explosive stabilizers, dyestuff assistants, textile treating agents, foaming agents for ore dressing, dewaxing agents for oil refining, timber treating agents as well as medical reagents.
X. Nitric acid
Chemical industry is a major consumer of nitric acid. In addition to producing nitro-compound fertilizer and industrial ammonium nitrate, dilute nitric acid is mainly used for the production of the products like adipic acid, potassium nitrate and calcium nitrate. Concentrated nitric acid is used for the production of nitrobenzene, trinitrotoluene (TNT), toluene diisocynate (TDI), dye intermediate promoting agents, nitrocellulose and military supplies, etc.
X Ammonium nitrate
Ammonium nitrate, which is mostly used to produce industrial explosive, is a raw material for the production of the products like nitrogen oxide, vitamin B and alkali free glass. It is also used to produce fireworks and insecticides, and as refrigerant and offset printing component, etc. The consumption of ammonium nitrate (XXX% N) in China reached XXX thousand tons, with an average annual growth of X.X% during 2006-2010.
Industrial demand projection
X. Synthetic ammonia
Acrylonitrile is mainly used for the production of acrylic fiber, engineering plastics and polyacrylamide, etc. China has ten major acrylonitrile producers with a combined capacity of around X.XX million t/a. Imports of acrylonitrile to China also remained at relatively large scale and was XXX thousand tons in 2010. At the same time, China imported large amount of acrylonitrile downstream products like acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)/styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) resin and acrylic fiber, and China's actual equivalent consumption of acrylonitrile reached more than X.X million tons. In the future, China's consumption of acrylonitrile will still be concentrated in the sectors such as acrylic fiber, ABS/SAN resin, acrylamide and nitrile rubber, and will maintain stable growth. The environmental problem caused by hydrocyanic acid (as a byproduct of acrylonitrile production) has increased the difficulty of the implementation of acrylonitrile projects, so the capacity growth of acrylonitrile in China is relatively stable compared with the demand growth. It is expected that the capacity of acrylonitrile in China will increase X.X% annually in the next few years and reach around X.XX million t/a by 2015, which will consume around XXX thousand tons of synthetic ammonia.
China's capacity of caprolactam is around XXX thousand t/a now. However, due to the rapid development of sectors like nylon fiber yarns, cord fabrics and polyamide engineering plastics, the demand for caprolactam in China has increased significantly in recent years. China imported around XXX thousand tons of caprolactam in 2010 and the apparent consumption reached more than X.X million tons. In spite of domestic huge supply shortage of caprolactam, because the production of caprolactam has relatively higher requirement on technology and capital, etc. the production scale expansion of caprolactam is restricted and the dependence rate on imports has been maintained at more than XX%. With the maturity and promotion of domestic technology including cyclohexanone production process, the self-sufficiency rate of caprolactam in China will increase gradually. It is expected that China's capacity of caprolactam will climb XX.X% year on year in the next few years and reach around X.X million t/a in 2015, consuming around XXX thousand tons of synthetic ammonia.
With the appearance of alternative products, the demand for synthetic ammonia in other industrial sectors is expected to decline X.X% annually.
In conclusion, China's demand for synthetic ammonia in the industrial sectors will still maintain basically stable during 2011-2015. It is expected that the demand for synthetic ammonia will fall X.X% year on year in the next five years and the demand for synthetic ammonia in the industrial sectors will reach X.XXX million tons by 2015.
China's capacity of melamine has grown rapidly in recent years and it has become the largest melamine producer in the world. The effective capacity of melamine in China was already more than X.X million ti a in 2010. Newly added melamine units usually adopt the urea process, consuming around X.XXX million tons of urea annually. Major consumption sectors of melamine in China include laminated board, molded plastic, binder and coatings, etc., and China exports a large amount of melamine each year. With the growth of the demand for melamine downstream products driven by the urbanization in China and the capacity transfer of melamine in the world, China's capacity of melamine will continue to grow during 2011-2015. The existing melamine units with small scale and outdated technology will gradually be eliminated, and the proportion of large melamine units using urea process will further increase. It is projected that China's capacity of melamine will increase annually XX.X% in the next few years and reach around X.X million t/a in 2015, consuming around X.XXX million tons of urea (XXX% N, the same below).
(X) Urea formaldehyde resin
The capacity of urea formaldehyde resin in China is more than X.X million t/a and more than XX% of urea formaldehyde resin is used to produce urea formaldehyde adhesives. The urea formaldehyde adhesives include powder adhesives and liquid adhesives, and are mainly used for timber processing. China has several thousand timber processing enterprises, so the urea formaldehyde adhesive units are widely dispersed with a low production level and higher content of free formaldehyde in products. With the increasingly high requirements on the quality of artificial plate especially the content of free formaldehyde in the interior decoration and furniture markets in recent years, China has executed the production license management system to artificial plate plants since 2000 and implemented the relevant laws and regulations like the new sanitary standard for the indoor decoration materials since 2002. The concentration of enterprises will improve significantly and the powder urea formaldehyde resins with environmental friendly will develop greatly. It is expected that China's demand for urea in the production of urea formaldehyde resin will rise around XX.X% year on year and reach around X.XX million tons in 2015.
China's consumption of urea in the feed processing sector is expected to increase X.X% yearly in the next few years and will reach XXX thousand tons in 2015. The consumption of urea in the production of ADC blowing agent and cyanuric acid will continue to maintain at the present level, The consumption of urea in other sectors is projected to go up X.X% year on year and will reach XXX thousand tons in 2015.
To sum up, China's demand for urea in the industrial sectors will still maintain to grow during 2011-2015. It is expected that the average annual growth of the demand for urea will be X.X% in the next five years and the demand for urea in the industrial sectors will reach X.XXX million tons in 2015.
X. Nitric acid
(X) Potassium nitrate
China's capacity of potassium nitrate is over X.X million t/a up to now and around XX% of potassium nitrate is used as chemical fertilizer. In the industrial sectors, potassium nitrate is mainly used for the production of TV glass shell and special glass. In addition, it is also used to produce fireworks, black powder and match, and has an application in metallurgical and food sectors. China's demand for potassium nitrate in the industrial sectors is expected to increase at an average annual growth of X.X% in the next few years and will reach XXX thousand tons in 2015, consuming around XXX thousand tons of nitric acid.
The capacity of TDI in China currently is around XXX thousand t/a. The foamed plastic for the production of furniture and car seat cushion is the major downstream sector of TDI and consumes XX% of TDI. Coatings sector comes next with the consumption proportion being XX%. China has become the largest TDI consumption market in the Asia-Pacific region and the most promising TDI consumption market in the world. During the XXth Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015), the downstream sectors of TDI including petrochemical, architecture, electronics, shipbuilding, aviation, automotive, packaging, household appliances, furniture and textile will still maintain rapid growth. It is expected that China's consumption of TDI will climb XX.X% year on year in the next few years and reach X.XXX million tons in 2015, consuming around X.XXX million tons of nitric acid.
China's capacity of diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) is around X.X million t/a now. The downstream sectors of MDI like spandex, slurry, shoe sole fluid and household appliances has developed rapidly with demand growth of being over XX%. During 2011-2015, with China's pay much attention to the issue of energy saving and emission reduction in architecture sector and the gradual implementation of using plastics to substitute steel for promoting the lightweight of automobiles, the MDI sector in China will continue to maintain rapid growth. China's demand for MDI is expected to increase annually XX.X% in the next few years and will reach X.XX million tons in 2015, consuming around X.XXX million tons of nitric acid.
(X) Adipic acid
The capacity of adipic acid in China is over XXX thousand t/a and the level of production concentration is relatively high. For a long time, China's adipic acid capacity can not meet the domestic demand. Every year, China needs to import a large amount of adipic acid. With the startup of several domestic adipic acid units, China's import amount of adipic acid will drop significantly, Adipic acid downstream sectors are very closely related to the exports. With the recovery of domestic export scale, the market demand for adipic acid will grow apparently during 2011-2015. It is expected that China's demand for adipic acid will grow XX.X% year on year in the next few years and reach XXX thousand tons in 2015, consuming around XXX thousand tons of nitric acid.
The demand for nitric acid in other industrial sectors will basically maintain at the present level.
In conclusion, China's demand for nitric acid in the industrial sectors will still continue to grow during 2011-2015. It is expected that t the demand for nitric acid will rise X.X% year on year in the next five years and the demand for nitric acid in the industrial sectors will reach X.XXX million tons in 2015.
X. Ammonium nitrate
The demand for ammonium nitrate in industrial sectors mainly comes from the civil explosive sector. In recent years, China's civil explosive sector has constantly optimized its industrial structure, accelerated the upgrading of the products, rapidly developed the integrated production management model and gradually expanded the scale of enterprises. In order to promote the sustainable development of the sector, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China in 2010 issued the Guiding Opinions on Further Promoting Structure Adjustment for Civil Explosive Sector. China's civil explosive sector will give priority to the structural adjustment, strictly control newly added capacity and resolutely eliminate the outdated capacity. It is projected that the annual growth of the demand for ammonium nitrate in civil explosive sector will be X.X% in the next few years and the demand for ammonium nitrate in civil explosive sector will reach X.XX million tons in 2015. China's consumption of ammonium nitrate in the industrial sectors is expected to increase X.X% annually during 2011-2015 and reach XXX thousand tons, XXX thousand tons and X.XX million tons, respectively in 2011, 2012 and 2015.
Table X China's Consumption of Synthetic Ammonia
in Industrial Sectors 2006-2010 (thousand tons, %)