|Title:||China export of methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) by country in percentages for 2011|
|Source:||China Chemical Reporter|
Start of full article - but without data
Export destination of China's MDI 2011
Taiwan province XX%
the USA XX%
Note: Table made from pie chart.
In 2011, the actual supply of isocyanate in China increased substantially with decreased imports and increased exports, and a good balance developed between outputs and demand, which ends China's long dependence on imported isocyanate. The TDI supply is now expected to exceed the demand significantly in 2012, which is certain to bring about an abrupt reshuffle in the industry followed by ongoing restructuring. Thus enterprises have to explore the overseas market for sustainable development. In terms of technology development, China's TDI production still trails multinational's operations in energy conservation, environmental protection and production costs. In. the future, China's TDI industry should promote technical upgrading of existing installations and vigorously develop novel production processes at a scale of XXX XXX to XXX XXX tons a year.
In 2012, China will become a world-class MDI producer and Yantai Wanhua Polyurethanes Co., Ltd, (Yantai Wanhua) will become one of the world's leading MDI production enterprises. MDI production will be more concentrated by the end of this year.
TDI Capacity Boosts and Consumption of Flexible PU Foam is Optimistic
In 2011, China's TDI capacity had a substantial growth, with total capacity reaching XXX XXX t/a. Newly built capacity of about XXX XXX t/a was added, of which XXX XXX t/a in Shanghai was built by Bayer (Shanghai) Polyurethane Co., Ltd and XX XXX t/a in Shandong province was built by Yantai Juli Isocyanate Co., Ltd China's TDI manufacturers operating in 2011 are listed in table I. In the same year, China consumed XXX XXX tons of TDI, increasing X% year on year. Flexible polyurethane foam accounted for XX% of total TDI consumption, followed by the elastomer and coatings (Figure X).
The main application of TDI, flexible polyurethane foam is in turn mainly used in the furniture industry, in sofas and mattresses, and in the automotive industry, for vehicle seats, etc. Driven by the demand from auto makers, furniture makers and other downstream industries, the flexible polyurethane foam market was pretty good in 2011.
[FIGURE X OMITTED]
In 2011, as the XXX XXX t/a TDI project of Bayer (Shanghai) Polyurethane Co., Ltd began full-load operation, China finally had an adequate TDI supply nationwide plus XX XXX tons of TDI exports (up XXX% year on year), but only XX XXX tons of imports (down XX% year on year). Imported TDI was sourced mainly from Korea, Japan and Poland, which together supplied XX% (Figure X). Export destinations were widespread, but the main ones were Taiwan, the United States and Hong Kong.
Africa and the Middle East are the world's major TDI import regions, with most consumption satisfied by imports. But China's exports to these regions have been quite limited so far--only XXX tons to Africa and XX tons to Middle East in 2011, accounting for X.X% and X.X% of its total exports. TDI prices rose sharply in Africa and the Middle East markets due to tight supply during the winter of 2011-2012, thus China has a great opportunity in these two regions.
[FIGURE X OMITTED]
Table X TDI Capacity of Manufacturers in china (thousand tons)
Company 2011 2012(E) Remarks
Bayer (Shanghai) XXX XXX Startup in June 2011 Polyurethane Co., Ltd
Shanghai BASF Polyurethane XXX XXX Corporation
Gansu Yinda (Juyin) Chemical XXX XXX Co., Ltd
Cangzhou Dahua Co., Ltd XX XXX Expanded by XX XXX t/a in April 2012
Yantai Juli Isocyanate Co., XX XX Newly built XX XXX t/a Ltd in Oct. 2011
Norinco Group Liaoning XX XX Beifang Jinhua Polyurethane Corporation
Blue Star Chemical Co., Ltd XX XX XX XXX t/a expansion and technological transformation project in April 2011
Fujian Southeast X XXX Due for operation in Electrochemical Co., Ltd 2012
Total XXX XXX
TDI import sources in China in 2011
Note: Table made from pie chart.
MDI Capacity Grows
In 2011, the number of Chinese MDI manufacturing enterprises remained at three - Yantai Wanhua Polyurethanes Co., Ltd, Bayer (Shanghai) Polyurethane Co., Ltd, Shanghai Lianheng Isocyanate Co., Ltd, with a total capacity of X.XX million tons, nearly equal to that of 2010. But the actual MDI supply raised XX% compared to 2010, as the XX XXX t/a MDI project of Yantai Wanhua in Ningbo was operated tentatively in 2010 and became productive only in 2011. It is estimated that Yantai Wanhua will add another XXX XXX t/ a MDI capacity in 2012, which will bring China's total MDI capacity to X.XX million tons a year when fully operational.
China's consumption of polymeric MDI in 2011 was about XXX XXX tons, including XXX XXX tons in refrigerators and freezers, which accounted for XX% of total consumption; China's pure MDI consumption was XXX XXX tons, of which the manufacture of shoe soles and PU slurry consumed XXX XXX tons, XX% of the total, and spandex makers consumed XX% of the total. China's favorable policies greatly supported the household electrical appliances industry since 2009 and reached a peak in 2010. Then the appliance industry returned to rational development in the second half of 2011. Building insulation holds the most potential for increased MDI consumption, but large-scale application of MDI in this field still needs some development. Considering China's national conditions and consumer behavior, polystyrene board/ extruded plate will continue to dominate the insulation market for a while, and rigid polyurethane foam insulation materials still require a certain promotion period.
In foreign trade, China's imports of MDI totaled XXX XXX tons in 2011, of which XXX XXX tons was polymeric MDI, XXX XXX tons was pure MDI, the two combined reduced by XX% year-on-year; China's total MDI exports was XXX XXX tons, of which XXX XXX tons was polymeric MDI, XX XXX tons was pure MDI, all together growing XX% year on year. China's main sources of imported MDI are Japan and South Korea, with XXX XXX tons from Japan and XX XXX tons from Korea in 2011, XX% and XX% of China's total MDI imports respectively. Export sources are relatively dispersed, and the top three export destinations are Taiwan, the United States and South Korea, with XX XXX tons, XX XXX tons and XX XXX tons of exports respectively. (Figure X and X)