|Title:||Global main coal producing countries by geographic region in tons for 2007 to 2010|
|Source:||Indonesian Commercial Newsletter|
Start of full article - but without data
Main coal producing countries in the world, 2007-2010
Regions and Countries 2007 2008 2009 2010
North America X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX Canada XX XX XX XX Mexico XX XX XX XX United States X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX Central and South America XX XXX XX XX Colombia XX XX XX XX Other XX XX XX XX
Europe X XXX XXX XXX XXX Bosnia and Herzegovina XX XX XX XX Bulgaria XX XX XX XX Czech Republic XX XX XX XX Germany XXX XXX XXX XXX Greece XX XX XX XX Hungary XX XX XX XX Macedonia X X X X Poland XXX XXX XXX XXX Romania XX XX XX XX Slovenia X X X X Spain XX XX XX X Turkey XX XX XX XX United Kingdom XX XX XX XX Other XX XX XX XX
Eurasia X XXX XXX XXX XXX Estonia XX XX XX XX Kazakhstan XXX XXX XXX XXX Russia XXX XXX XXX XXX Ukraine XX XX XX XX Other X X X X
Middle East X X X X
Africa XXX XXX XXX XXX South Africa XXX XXX XXX XXX Zimbabwe X X X X Other X X X X
Asia and Oceania X X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX Australia XXX XXX XXX XXX China X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX India XXX XXX XXX XXX Indonesia XXX XXX XXX XXX Mongolia XX XX XX XX North Korea XX XX XX XX South Korea X X X X Thailand XX XX XX XX Vietnam XX XX XX XX Other XX XX XXX XXX World X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX X,XXX
Source : IEA
World's coal market
The world's coal consumption has increased used as a source of energy since the soaring prices of oil in 2008. Coal trade grew sharply in the world notably since 2009.
The increase in coal market followed growing demand especially from China and India, two large economies which are growing fast amid the global economic slowdown. Increase was also recorded in coal demand in ASEAN as countries in this region are also seeking cheaper energy as alternative to expensive oil.
In the past five years, coal trade volume has shot up from XXX million tons in 2004 to XXX million tons in 2010. Meanwhile, the world's coal consumption was estimated to reach X,XXX million tons in 2011.
The type of steam coal, which is used as boiler fuel or to generate electricity has been growing more dominant in coal trade in the world. In 2000, trade of steam coal in the world totaled only XXX million tons, but in 2010, the figure shot up to XXX million tons.
Meanwhile trade of coking coal, which is used widely in iron smelters totaled only XXX million tons in 2000, growing more moderately to XXX million tons in 2010.
Indonesia second largest coal exporter in the world
Indonesia has boosted its coal exports taking advantage of the growing demand in the world market placing itself the world's second largest exporter after Australia. China and South Africa fell in position among coal exporters as the two countries have curbed exports to meet growing domestic demand.
Other countries continuing to boost coal exports include Colombia, Russia and the United States.
Japan is the world's largest coal importing country. Japan is one of major industrialized economies heavily dependent on imports for sources of energy including oil, gas and coal. In 2010, that country's coal imports totaled XXX million tons.
China, which is the world's largest coal producer and previously was a major coal suppliers to the world market, now has become a net importer because of fast growing domestic requirement. India is also one of a big coal producers, but rapid economic growth necessitating larger coal supplies.
Indonesia, the second largest coal exporter, is only the seventh largest among coal producing countries. The largest is China with production of X.XX billion tons of coal in 2010, but it is also the largest consumer of coal in the world, followed by South Korea and India.
The world's coal production was estimated at X,XXX million tons in 2011, down X.X% from X,XXX million tons in the previous year. The production did not include brown coal or lignite which has low calorific value.
China and the United States are both world's largest producers and at the same time largest consumers of coal. In 2010, China's coal production reached X.XX billion tons and United States produced X.XX billion tons. Most of their coal production is for domestic consumption. Indonesia's coal production is not very big but it is the second largest exporter of that commodity as most of its production is exported. The country, however, begins to curb exports to meet growing domestic demand especially for power plants of state electric company PLN. PLN is building coal-fired power plants with a total capacity of XX,XXX megawatts. The program in the electricity sector will continue that coal consumption in the country is expected to grow faster especially as most new cement plants and steel factories use coal for fuel.
World's coal consumption
According to the EIA, world's total coal consumption reached X.XX billion tons in 2011, or down X.X % from X.XX billion tons in 2010.
In 2012, the world's coal consumption is forecast to rise to X.XX billion tons, or an increase of X.X% from 2011.
The largest coal consumer is China reaching X.XX billion tons or around XX.X% of the world's total consumption in 2011. The second largest consumer is the United States with consumption of XXX million tons or around XX.X% of the world's consumption.
The United States holds the largest coal reserves, accounting for XX.X% of the world's total coal reserves, followed by Russia, China and India. World's proven coal reserves, according to the World Energy Council in 2008 totaled XXX billion tons, and XXX billion tons of which are in the United States, which has the largest proven coal reserves in the world.
Based on data of the World Energy Council, Indonesia had only proven coal reserves of X.X billion tons in 2008 or X.X% of the world's proven reserves. The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, however, said the country had proven reserves totaling X.X billion tons in 2008. Later in 2011, after intensive explorations, the proven reserve grew to XX.XX billion tons. Explorations have been brisker to follow growing demand as a result of the soaring oil prices.