|Title:||Global logistics costs, logistics costs as share of gross domestic product, and third-party logistics revenue by country or region in dollars and percentages for 2010|
|Source:||China Chemical Reporter|
Start of full article - but without data
Global Logistics Costs and Third-Party Logistics Revenue
Region Country GDP/2009 Logistics Logistics XPL Costs (GDP %) Revenue
North America United XX XXX X XXX.X X.X% XXX.X States
Canada X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
Mexico X XXX XXX.X XX.X% X.X
Region XX XXX X XXX.X X.X% XXX.X
Europe France X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
German X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
Italy X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
Netherlands XXX XX.X X.X% X.X
Spain X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
United X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X Kingdom
Others X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
Region XX XXX X XXX.X X.X% XXX.X
Asia Pacific China X XXX XXX.X XX.X% XX
Hong Kong XXX.X XX X.X% X.X
India X XXX XXX.X XX.X% X.X
Japan X XXX XXX.X X.X% XX.X
Singapore XXX XX.X X.X% X.X
South Korea XXX.X XX.X X.X% X
Taiwan XXX.X XX.X X.X% X.X
Others X XXX.X XXX.X XX.X% XX
Region XX XXX.X X XXX.X XX.X% XXX.X
South America Brazil X XXX XXX.X XX.X% XX.X
Venezuela XXX.X XX.X XX.X% X.X
Argentina XXX.X XX.X XX.X% X.X
Others XXX.X XX.X XX.X% X.X
Region X XXX.X XXX.X XX.X% XX
Central America * XXX.X XX.X XX.X% X.X
Australia XXX.X XX.X XX.XX% X.X
United Arab XXX.X XX.X XX.X% X.X Emirates (Dubai)
Remaining X XXX.X X XXX.X XX.X% XX.X Regions/Countries
Total XX XXX XXXX XX.X% XXX.X
The global supply chain networks have tapped China's resources and fueled its rise to power. But what is the country doing to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the global networks?
According to the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, logistics costs accounted for XX% of the country's GDP in 2010. This is twice the level of most developed countries. Tax burdens, expensive tolls, and chaotic competition in the logistics market are the main reasons logistics costs are so high. China has increased its investments in highways, railways, and other transportation facilities during the implementation of the country's XXth Five-Year Plan (2006-2010). However, logistical inadequacies still exist, including sub-par distribution facilities, roads, and railway networks--especially in the western (less developed) provinces.
X. CURRENT SITUATION
* Marine freight
China's investment in ports has been unrivaled globally, with more than RMBXXX billion invested during the last Five-Year Plan (2006-2010) alone. This translates to XX% year-on-year growth, which is relatively consistent with increases at major coastal ports from 2001 to 2010. During this period, Shanghai became the largest port in the world, with XX.XX million TEUs exported in 2010.
However, port investments are actually going down relative to China's previous Five-Year Plan (2006-2010). In fact, enough capacity already exists to handle reduced demand from the E.U. and the U.S.
* Rail transport
China has invested heavily in its railway infrastructure for both freight and high-speed passenger services, and this is playing a crucial in the growth of the country's logistics industry. In the first half of 2011, total goods transported by rail in China totaled X.XX billion tons, representing an on-year increase of X%.
The volume of goods transported by rail should increase given the accelerated railway construction and expansion, and more high-speed railways. Longer term raises in rail freight are also expected, even though military traffic, resources, and passenger rail take precedence over the transport of goods.
* Road transport
The largest portion of Chinese domestic freight--as is the case in North America and the European Union--moves by highway. To accommodate these high volumes, China's road-transport network is improving gradually, and the road-oriented service levels as well. Many multinationals in China, including more U.S. conglomerates, are sourcing logistics services locally.
Cost concerns have kept topping the list of development stress points for road transport. Rail transport prices are XX% to XX% lower than road transport, while barge shipments are about XX% cheaper. For these reasons, many believe that better-integrated transportation networks will become the dominant new trend in the Chinese freight market.
* Air freight
While air cargo volume has risen steadily, at an annual growth rate of nearly X%, the increase is not impressive when compared to China's overall logistics market. Like many countries, China uses air transport mainly to move high-value or compact goods.